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EASY HOUSEHOLD CLEANING TIPS


The following are only suggestions. Please use your own good common sense in utilizing these tips.

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[PET URINE][SCUFF MARKS][DISINFECTANT DEODORIZER][CARPET DEODORIZER] [RUST] [DRAIN CLEANER][INSECT CONTROL][POTS AND PANS CLEANER][WHITER WHITES] [RUG CLEANER][WINDOW CLEANER][CUTTING BOARD CLEANER][SILVERWARE CLEANER]
[KITCHEN MEASUREMENTS AND CONVERSIONS][PEWTER CLEANER]
[CLEANING TIPS USING COCA~COLA]



PET URINE
Mix borax, water and white vinegar. Apply to soiled area. Rinse and allow to dry
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SCUFF MARKS

Use a damp cloth to pick up some baking soda
Rub the cloth and baking soda on the area. 
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DISINFECTANT AND DEODORIZER
Mix 1 cup Borax and 10 drops each of the following essential oils: eucalyptus, lavender, rosemary, sage, peppermint, juniper Blend well in glass bowl. Add to water to clean area or add to washer for laundry. This also works well as a laundry detergent.
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CARPET DEODORIZER
Mix together in blender: 2 cups baking soda 1 Tbs. each: ground clove, allspice, cinnamon, orange peel, mint, savory. Sprinkle on carpet. Let set a few minutes. Vacuum carpet.
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RUST REMOVER

Make a paste: 2 Tablespoons salt 1 Tablespoon lemon juice Apply the paste to rusted area with dry cloth and rub. Rinse.
Remove rust from chrome car bumpers: Rub the bumper with a crumpled piece of aluminum foil which has been dipped in Coca~Cola

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DRAIN CLEANER
1 cup baking soda 1 cup herbal vinegar (preferably citrus vinegar) (Make citrus vinegar by placing rinds of an orange in white vinegar and soaking 2 weeks) Pour baking soda down drain, then pour vinegar down drain. Cover and let sit for 5 minutes. Flush with hot water.
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INSECT CONTROL
MOTHS: Use cedar chips, lavender flowers or aromatic herbs and spices. ANTS: Sprinkle boric acid along the line of entry. ROACHES: Set out a dish with equal parts sugar and baking soda. FLEAS: Feed your pet brewer's yeast and garlic. Bathe dogs regularly and use a flea comb on cats AND dogs. Sprinkle pets' beds with fennel, rue or rosemary. MOTHS: Use cedar chips, lavender flowers or aromatic herbs and spices
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POT AND PAN CLEANER
Boil the leaves of sorrel or rhubarb in water in the pan/pot. Let cool. Use cool liquid to scrub the outside of pot/pan. CAUTION: These leaves contain oxalic acid. A strong solution left in an aluminum pan can burn a hole right through the bottom!
OR
Rub pots with lemon juice. Rinse or soak overnight in vinegar and water. For tough stains, fill the pot with three (3) spoons of vinegar to a pint of water and boil until all stains loosen. TO POLISH COPPER Use ketchup or lemon juice and salt. CHROME Shine with vinegar STAINLESS STEEL Use water and baking soda paste.
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PEWTER CLEANER
Take care not to be over aggressive in cleaning your pewter! Pewter is very soft. Also, antique pewter has a softer composition than modern pewter. 3 formulas are below. Mix some whiting (dry window putty) with a little rubbing alcohol and use the paste. Mix a paste of vinegar, flour and salt. Polish with cabbage leaves. (cabbage contains ascorbic acid and can act as a cleaner)
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COCA~COLA REMEDIES
TOILET: Pour a can of Coca~Cola into the bowl Let sit for 1 hour, then flush.

CAR BATTERY TERMINALS: Pour a can of Coca~Cola over the terminals.

LOOSEN A RUSTED BOLT: Soak a cloth in Coca~Cola and apply to rusted bolt for several minutes. REMOVE "ROAD HAZE" FROM WINDSHIELD: Pour Coca~Cola over the windshield. ~one of my first car lessons from Dad :)
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WASHLINE WHITES
BLEACH: 1/2 cup white vinegar, baking soda or borax per load. STAIN REMOVER: Rub a moistened bar of plain, uncolored, unscented soap on stain before laundering.
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RUG CLEANER
Use soda water or a paste made from baking soda and water. Vacuum when dry. Red wine stains: Cover liquid with salt Let dry then vacuum. Wood floors: Mix 1/2 cup white vinegar or lemon juice with 2 cups olive oil. stir well. Rub on surface and buff with clean, dry cloth.
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WINDOW CLEANER
For heavy smudges, mix 2 Tbs. cornstarch, 1/2 cup ammonia, 1/2 cup vinegar in 1 gallon warm water. For everyday cleaning, Mix 3 Tbs. vinegar or lemon juice into 1 quart of water and put in a spray bottle. Wipe with fresh cloth. For greasy fingerprints: Use lemon juice. FOR EXTRA SPARKLE, polish with newspaper when nearly dry.
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CUTTING BOARD CLEANER
Sprinkle baking soda on a damp sponge, scrub and rinse to clean and deodorize.
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SILVERWARE CLEANER
Soak silverware in an aluminum foil-lined aluminum pan filled with 1-1/2 quarts hot water, 1/2 Tbs. baking soda and 1/2 tsp. salt.
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KITCHEN MEASUREMENTS

TEASPOONS:

10 drops = dash
1/8 tsp. = a few grains
1 tsp. = 6 dashes
1 tsp. = 5 ml. 
3 tsp. = 1 Tbs. 


TABLESPOONS: 

1 Tbs. = 1/2 fluid oz. 
1 Tbs. = 15 ml. 
2 Tbs. = 1 fluid oz. 
4 Tbs. = 1/4 cup or 2 oz. 
16 Tbs. = 1 cup or 8 oz. 

CUPS: 

1/8 cup = 1 oz. or 2 Tbs. 
3/8 cup = 6 Tbs. 
1/3 cup = 5 Tbs. plus 1 tsp. 
1/2 cup = 8 Tbs. or 4 oz. 
            OR 1 tea cup 
1 cup = 1/2 pint or 240 ml. 
2 cups = 1 lb. or 16 oz. 
4 cups = 1 quart 

DRY VOLUME: 

2 cups = 1 pint 
2 pints = 1 quart 
4 quarts = 1 gallon 
2 gallons = 1 peck 
4 pecks = 1 bushel

LIQUID MEASURES: 

1 oz. = 28 grams
1-1/2 oz. = 1 jigger 
1 quart = 2 pounds 
1 Tbs. = 1/2 liquid oz. OR 15 grams 
1 cup = 8 oz. OR 227 grams
1 quart = 32 oz. OR 907 grams 
1 quart = 64 Tbs. 
1 pound = 454 grams 


BUTTER: 

1 lb. = 32 Tbs. 
1 lb. = 2 cups 
1/4 lb. = 1 stick 
1 stick = 4 oz. OR 1/2 cup 
5-1/3 Tbs. = 1/3 cup

EGGS: 

1/2 cup = 2 large 
1/2 cup = 3 medium 

CHEESE: 

1 lb. American or cheddar = 4 cups grated 
1 lb. cottage cheese = 2 cups 
1/2 lb. cream cheese = 1 cup or 8 oz. 

ONE POUND EQUIVALENTS: 

2 cups butter 
4 cups all-purpose flour 
2 cups granulated sugar 
3-1/2 cups powdered sugar 
2-2/3 cups brown sugar 
2 cups milk

TEMPERATURE EQUIVALENTS

Room Temperature =    70F        21C
Lukewarm         =    90F        32C
Slow Oven        =    300F       150C
Hot Oven         =    400F       205C
Broil            =    550F       290C

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CHOOSING YOUR POTS AND PANS

ALUMINUM

Although lightweight and a good heat conductor, 
aluminum is still suspect in the development of 
Alzheimber's disease.  Scientists continue to 
disagree on whether cans and cookware are hazardous. 

CAST IRON 

Cast iron can actually add iron to your food during 
cooking.  this is helpful for many women and people
with anemia. However, FOR MANY MEN, excess iron is 
not a health benefit. 

COPPER

Copper is strong and an excellent heat conductor. 
However, metal reacts to salt and moisture, 
producing toxic substances that can make you ill. 
Avoid copper cooking surfaces -- it is alright to 
use if on the outside of the pot/pan. 

STAINLESS STEEL

Stainless steel is inexpensive and very easy to clean. 
The most efficient stainless steel cookware has 
aluminum, copper or iron plated to the bottom to 
improve heat conduction. 

GLASS

Glass works equally well in a microwave and on the
stovetop.  The one drawback to using glass, is that 
it does break.

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RECYCLING CENTER
IN YOUR YARD
(Adapted from Patriot News, Friday, Sept. 11, 1992) Want to start a small-scale recycling center in your own yard? Want to get ride of a lot of organic waste and help your garden at the same time? Composting does just that -- it's cheap, easy and efficient, and if done properly, works by itself. What composting does is break down organic waste (leaves, grass clippings and table scraps) by means of microbial action. The microbes decompose the waste into nutrient-rich organic matter that can be easily mixed into garden soil. Compost works like any organic matter ~ it improves soil structure, adds to the water holding capacity of the soil and adds nutrients. Starting a compost pile is easy. You need a small, out-of-the-way area, about 3 feet by 3 feet by 3 feet, that can be fenced in on three sides -- leave the fourth side open for easy access. You'll also need lime (to "sweeten" the mix), top soil to aid microbial action and organic waste. The type of waste is important because a proper carbon to nitrogen ratio is necessary. Dry leaves, for example, have a high carbon content and decompose slowly, slowing down the composting process. By balancing the mixture with high-nitrogen, quick-decomposing materials like grass clippings and table scraps, the composting process won't be slowed down. Layer the pile, starting with soil,then waste and finally cover with lime. Continue layering until the bin is about 3/4 filled. Don't fill it all the way because you will need room to turn it over every so often to get even decomposition. Sprinkle with water, especially when it is dry, to help the process.
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